Understanding Stem Cells

Understanding Stem Cells
Understanding Stem Cells

Stem Cells

Our body is made up of specialized cells, such as skin cells, brain cells, liver cells, lung cells, and so on. 

These specialized cells have their own functions in their respective organs. The skin cells divide every day to create new skin cells in order to replace the old, and dead skin cells on the surface of our skin.

After the new skin cells are produced in the lower layer of the epidermis, the new skin cells push toward the surface. The travel time of the new skin cells is approximately 4 weeks before they reach the surface of the skin. By the time the skin cells reach the surface, they die and exfoliate by themselves in the form of tiny skin flakes that falls off when rubbed and washed off with water and soap. 

When the new skin cells reach the top and replace the old dead skin cells, this process is called cell turnover or skin cell regeneration. The after-effect of skin cell regeneration is revealing the fresh, vibrant, and new baby skin underneath. 

But due to the rapid and massive skin cell production by the second,  the dead skin cells on top build up, and thickens. This is when the skincare regime comes in. If you leave the thickened dead skin cells on top, this makes your skin look dull, dry, and old. Exfoliation skincare products are needed to immediately exfoliate the dead skin on your face. 

If you don’t exfoliate, the build-up continues and the dead skin will clog the pores and can lead to breakouts. If you have too much sun or heat exposure without using sunscreen, the Ultra Violet rays of the sun or heat will go deeper into your skin and activate the melanocytes that produce the dark pigment. The dark pigment stains the new skin cells into dark color. These newly stained skin cells will reach the top in dark colors. This is what you see as dark spots or pigmentation in your skin. When you will leave this pigmented skin on top without exfoliating, these dark skin cells will build up over time. The pile of dark skin cells is what we call deep pigmentation that needed an advanced type of exfoliation. 

In the event of injury or laceration of the skin, the skin cells may not be enough to treat the wound. The skin cells needed an outside reinforcement to help repair damaged tissues, replenish the blood supply, replace lost and damaged skin cells, and help create more skin cells. A big wound would mean the loss of more blood, more damaged cells and tissues therefore, there is a greater demand for stem cells to help create more new skin cells and blood supply. to help heal the wound faster.



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